Douglas Hyde Papers.

Papers of Douglas Hyde, Douglas Hyde’s correspondence, concerning literary matters, the Gaelic League and various political matters, correspondents include Eoin Mac Neill, George Moore, Lady Gregory, Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa and others, some letters are in Irish; 1880-1946; Untitled poems, draft essays, novels and lectures dealing with topics such as the Gaelic League and language revival by Douglas Hyde, 1878-1937; The diary of Arthur Hyde, brother of Douglas Hyde relating to game shot, 1866-1872; Miscellaneous items accumulated by Douglas Hyde, including news-cuttings, publicity material, lists of books and sketches, 1881-1943; Diaries of Douglas Hyde, 1874-1912.

Saved in:
Main Creator: Hyde, Douglas, 1860-1949
Contributors: Mac Neill, Eoin, 1867-1945
Notes:Douglas Hyde additional papers, 1881-1948, Ms 28,909 (1-14) held at the Department of Manuscripts, National Library of Ireland.

Douglas Hyde (1860-1949) was born at Castlerea, Co Roscommon, the son of a Church of Ireland clergyman. He was educated by his father and at Trinity College, Dublin, where he studied law. Later, he learned Irish at Ratra, Co. Roscommon. His life was largely devoted to the study and publication of traditional Irish literature and folklore, his publications including Amhráin Grádh Chúige Connacht (‘Love Songs of Connacht’, 1893) A Literary History of Ireland (1899), and his autobiography Mise agus an Connradh (‘Myself and the Gaelic League’, 1931). In 1909 he became the first professor of modern Irish at University College, Dublin. In 1893 he chaired the foundation meeting of the Gaelic League which had been convened by Eoin MacNeill; Hyde became the first president, a position he held until 1915. The organisation was non-political and nonsectarian and aimed at involving people of different religious and political loyalties in a common cultural effort. Its objective was the revival of the Irish language and the preservation of Irish literature, music and traditional culture. Hyde resigned in 1915 due to the growing politicization of the movement. In 1925 he was elected to Seanad Éireann. He later returned to academia as a Professor of Irish at University College Dublin. He retired from academia in 1938 and appointed to Seanad Éireann and later chosen to be the first President of Ireland and was elected to this office unopposed. Both the Taoiseach Éamon de Valera and Leader of the Opposition W.T. Cosgrave supported his appointment. He was officially inaugurated as the first President of Ireland on 26 June 1938. Hyde left office on 25 June 1945. He died on 12 July 1949 and was accorded a state funeral.

Physical description: 10 boxes & 61 volumes.

Provenance:This collection was donated to the National Library of Ireland in multiple accessions between 1971 and 1975.

Diary of Douglas Hyde,

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In Collection: Douglas Hyde Papers
Main Creator: Hyde, Douglas, 1860-1949
Extent:1 volume (ca. 180 pages).
Call Number: MS G 1042 (Manuscripts Reading Room)
Rights:Reproduction rights owned by the National Library of Ireland.