Joseph McGarrity Papers, 1789-1971.
Papers of Joseph McGarrity, 1789-1971; Mainly correspondence for Joseph McGarrity, correspondents include Harry Boland, Teresa Brayton, Frank Aiken, Michael Collins, Eamon De Valera, John Devoy, Patrick McCartan, Seán MacDiarmada and others, mainly relating to political matters such as Clan na Gael, treaty negotiations and the Irish Civil War, 1882-1940; Articles, news-cuttings, correspondence, poems and other items relating to Sir Roger Casement, 1914-1923; Collection of poems, mainly printed, of Irish patriotic interest, ca. 1907-1922; Miscellaneous documents, including letters, drafts and plans, ca. 1900-1921.
|Main Creator:||McGarrity, Joseph, 1874-1940|
Joseph McGarrity was born on 28 March 1874 in Carrickmore, County Tyrone. He grew up listening to his father discussing Irish politics which included topics such as the Fenians and Irish Home Rule and developed a keen interest in politics. In 1892 he immigrated to American and in 1893 joined Clan na Gael, an Irish organised in America which sought to establish an independent Irish state. McGarrity sponsored several Irish Race Conventions and founded ‘The Irish Press’ newspaper and was the founder of the Philadelphia branch of Clan na Gael. McGarrity managed Éamon de Valera’s tour of the USA in 1919. McGarrity opposed the 1921 Anglo Treaty and returned to Dublin in 1922 and assisted with the development of the Collins/De Valera pact by bringing the two together before the 1922 Irish general election. Clan na Gael split during the Irish Civil war and McGarrity supported the anti-treaty side, while the majority of Clan na Gael members supported the pro-treaty side. McGarrity did not support the founding of Fianna Fáil in 1926 and opposed it’s entry int othe Dáil in 1927. He strongly believed that a 32 county Republic could be achieved through force. In 1926 he and IRA Chief of Staff Andy Cooney agreed that each organisation would support each other and Clan na Gael would build support for the IRA in America. Over the years Clan na Gael began to decline and lose membership and following the Great Depression of the 1930’s McGarrity was left almost bankrupt. In 1930 he supported the demand from Seán Russell for the ‘S-Plan’ bombing campaign in Britain. He remained a constant source of financial aid for Irish republicanism and travelled regularly to Ireland to work with Republicans. He also published poetry such as ‘To the Virgin and her Son’ and ‘Celtic moods and memories’ in 1938. He died due to cancer on 5 August 1940.
Physical description: 20 boxes.
Citations/References: Originally listed in 'Manuscript sources for the history of Irish civilisation' edited by Richard J. Hayes (Boston : G. K. Hall, 1965) under "Joseph McGarrity Papers" [MS 17,421-MS 17,577 & MS 26,753] and "Joseph McGarrity Collection (Dr. Wm. J. Maloney)" [MS 17,578-17,665].