Ernie O'Malley Papers, 1916-1949.
Papers of Ernie O’Malley, 1916-1949; Field Message Notebooks belonging to Ernie O’Malley, as well as a notebook with lists of names of members of the British forces in Ireland, 1920-1921; File of GHQ Executive Meetings 1922-23 & Peace moves 1922-1923, includes ballads' containing memoranda and reports issued by the IRA Headquarters, and various divisional commands; including report on the inspection of Mountjoy Prison in October 1923, 1922-1923 & 1948; File of "RA G.H.Q. Dispatches 9-11-22, containing manuscripts, memoranda, reports and dispatches from both the IRA and Irish Free State Army Headquarters, 1922-1923; Folder of Executive Meetings of the IRA notes, 1922-1932; A file containing Intelligence summaries of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, 1924-1925; File of letters from Simon Donnelly to "Jim" [James Ryan] regarding his attempt to tunnel out of the Prison, 1922 August 17 & 29; Copies of meetings between the Irish Free State Government and the IRA army council, 1923.
|Main Creator:||O'Malley, Ernie, 1897-1957|
Ernie O’Malley was born on 26 May 1897 in Ellison St, Castlebar, County Mayo. In 1906 his family moved to Dublin and in 1915 he began to study medicine at University College Dublin. O’Malley joined the Irish Volunteers in the wake of the 1916 Easter Rising and was to become a leading figure in the IRA during the Irish Revolution. In 1918 O’Malley committed himself to the republican cause and in August 1918 he was sent to London by Michael Collins to buy arms. During 1919 he worked as an IRA staff captain and trained Volunteers in Clare, Tipperary and Dublin. He had a notable military record with the IRA during the War of Independence and in 1920 he was captured in Kilkenny by Crown Forces. He later escaped from Kilmainham Gaol in Dublin in February 1921 to take command of the IRA’s 2nd Southern Division. O’Malley rejected the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty and trained IRA officers in his divisional area in preparation for a possible renewal of fighting. He was a leading anti-treatyite during the Irish Civil War. He was appointed assistant chief of staff of the anti-treaty IRA and became part of a five-man anti-treaty council.O’Mally was captured by Free State forces in November 1922 and was imprisoned until July 1924, during his incarceration he was elected as TD for Dublin North in the 1923 general election. Following his release from prison he tried to complete his medical degree at UCD and spent much of 1924-1926 travelling through France, Spain and Italy and from 1928-1935 he spent time in North America. He also travelled to Mexico where he studied at the Mexico City University of Arts and worked as a high school teacher. In 1934 O’Malley was granted a pension by the Fianna Fáil government and married Helen Hooker in London on 27 September 1935 and returned to Ireland. O’Malley and Hooker devoted themselves to the arts and O’Malley made a living as a writer, publishing his critically acclaimed ‘On Another Man’s Wound’ in 1936. His later years were marred with ill health and he died as a result of heart failure on 25 March 1957 in Howth, Dublin. He was given a state funeral with full military honours.
Physical description: 1 box (21 folders)
Manuscript notes relating to the Kilkenny Brigade of the IRA,
1922 January 6.View more information ...
|In Collection:||Ernie O'Malley Papers, 1916-1949|
|Main Creator:||Irish Republican Army|
6 items (6 pages).
|Call Number:||MS 10,973/11/58 (Manuscripts Reading Room)|
Reproduction rights owned by the National Library of Ireland.
Items are fragile, handle with care.